Sun damage has been proven to cause skin cancer, so protecting yourself from the sun is an important step to take when you plan on spending time outside. When it comes to protection against the sun, most people think about sunscreen, and while sunscreen is an effective method for stopping the damage that the sun can do to your skin, some sunscreen are more effective than others.
All About Sunscreens
When you go into your local store, you might be overwhelmed with all of the choices of sunscreen. However, sunscreens can be categorized into two types: mineral based and chemical based. Mineral based sunscreens utilize zinc oxide or titanium dioxide to reflect the sun’s rays while chemical based sunscreens utilize a wide variety of chemical compounds to do the same.
So, which is the best for you? In general, mineral based sunscreens are the safer option if you have sensitive skin. The natural minerals in these types of sunscreens will cause less irritation to your skin, however, the downside of mineral sunscreens is that they can clog your pores more easily. So, if you are worried about clogged pores or are using sunscreen on your face, chemical sunscreen may be the better option. One thing to remember though is that some chemical sunscreens have been found to have harmful chemicals in them, so it’s important to check a sunscreen online before you head to the checkout line.
Another step in choosing an effective sunscreen is to ask yourself whether you’ll be sweating a lot or getting wet and need a sunscreen that’s water resistant. As time goes on, moisture can clear your skin of sunscreen, so if you think you’ll be wet, you may want to pick up a water resistant sunscreen.
Finally, make sure to reapply your sunscreen. No matter the SPF of a sunscreen, it is recommended to reapply it every two hours. This is because your skin will absorb the sunscreen making it ineffective.
Other Ways to Protect Against the Sun
In conjunction with sunscreen, you can also protect your skin by covering it up. Make sure to cover up sensitive areas of your skin like the back of your neck and face. The best method for doing this is by using a sun hat. You may think it looks silly, but your skin will thank you later on.
You can also utilize long sleeve shirts to protect your arms and pants to protect your legs. Just make sure to use sunscreen even if you are covering up, because the sun’s rays can still penetrate through clothing.
How to Treat Sunburn
The sooner you treat your sunburn, the sooner it will begin the healing process. The best treatment for sunburns is to remove yourself from direct sunlight as soon as possible. Once you get away from the sun, you will need to assess the situation. If you have blisters or peeling skin, it may be possible that you need to visit a doctor because that would indicate a severe burn.
If you think the sunburn is treatable at home, you need to apply a moisturizing cream or aloe cream directly to the area. This will stop the skin from drying out and soothe some of the pain. Leave small blisters alone if they form and try to avoid popping them.